Mapa do Metro de Londres
1933, Harry Beck
This map is the first of the schematic image maps which was the brainchild of Harry Beck. Harry was a temporarily employed electrical draughtsman who, on his own initiative, used his knowledge of circuit diagrams and applied it to the, then, current-day underground design by FHS (see 1932 above) to produce this 1933 map.
The Underground management was a little unsure of how the public would take to such a revolutionary change in the design and a note on the front cover of a trial run of the map (seen in the edition shown), invited people to send their comments to the Publicity Manager. In fact the map was accepted very well and was eventually to become held with great affection. The incorporation of the river was also to be greatly revered by tube travellers and has been to the present day. This is the only surface feature shown on the map and although it too is a schematic representation, it provides a geographical datum which assists the interpretation and understanding of the map tremendously.
Harry Beck’s format was an innovation that would become essential for the comprehensibility of complex networks of today’s transport systems all over the world. The commercial value to London Transport and the rest of the world is immeasurable; for this he was paid 10 guineas, probably about two weeks wages in those days.